IGLA Sexual Orientation Laws in the World – 2019

Featured

In our research, we found this map, provided by ILGA, that provides a comprehensive overview of sexual orientation laws around the world. This map includes nine sub-categories that dictate each country’s treatment of LGBTQ individuals. Using this scale, we began to explore what these categories mean, and how they differ from one another. From this scale, we chose a country from each category, hoping to examine the specific circumstances within that country, and how they affect LGBTQ rights.

Credit: https://ilga.org/maps-sexual-orientation-laws

Advertisements
Featured

Global LGBTQ Rights

Through this blog, we want to share our findings about global LGBTQ rights. Over the last few weeks, we have researched and analyzed the different ways that LGBTQ communities are treated across the world. We hope that by publishing our findings in a public space, we can help educate and bring awareness to the issue of Global LGBTQ rights.

Death Penalty- Saudi Arabia

Rights:

  • Homosexuality: Illegal
    • First conviction: several months to life in prison as well as fines or deportation
    • Second conviction: death penalty
  • Marriage: Illegal
  • Right to Change Legal Gender: Illegal
  • Adoption: Illegal
  • Housing Discrimination: No Protections
  • Employment Discrimination: No Protections
  • Military: Legal

Credit: https://www.equaldex.com/region/saudi-arabia

Gay Wedding Gone Viral

            A video was leaked online in Saudi Arabia where two gay men got married near the city of Mecca. The Saudi Arabian authorities are investigating even though people claimed that it was a joke. The individuals who attended the ceremony were then arrested after it was raided by the police. The outcome for these individuals is unknown. Conservative Saudi Arabians criticized the wedding and thought they should be punished for having the ceremony near the city of Mecca.

Credit: https://www.newsweek.com/saudi-arabia-gay-wedding-video-goes-viral-causes-stir-gulf-kingdom-773686

10 Years to Life in Prison- Nigeria

Rights:

  • Homosexuality: Male Illegal, Female Uncertain
    • Article 217 does not directly state about females as it does males
  • Marriage: Illegal
  • Right to Change Legal Gender: Ambiguous
  • Adoption: Single Only
  • Housing Discrimination: No Protections
  • Employment Discrimination: No Protections
  • Military: Legal

Credit: https://www.equaldex.com/region/nigeria

No Pride in Nigeria

           After a bill was signed in 2014, which allowed a state in Nigeria, Benue, to criminalize same-sex public associations and same-sex marriages, there were no campaigns, no marriages, and no protests. LGBT people in Nigeria didn’t care about getting married, they just wanted to be left alone, stated the author of the article.

Credit: https://mg.co.za/article/2018-07-20-00-no-pride-in-anti-gay-nigeria

Up to 8 Years Imprisonment- Ghana

Rights:

  • Homosexuality: Illegal
  • Marriage: Illegal
  • Right to Change Legal Gender: Legal, surgery not required
  • Adoption: Step-child only
  • Housing Discrimination: No Protections
  • Employment Discrimination: Ambiguous
  • Military: Legal

Credit: https://www.equaldex.com/region/ghana

Petition

          A Ghanaian LGBT activist, Abdualai, traveled to protest the lgbt right in Ghana at the Folklorama festival in Winnipeg. In order for Canada to take a role in supporting LGBT citizens in Ghana, Abdualai and other activists were gathering signatures for a petition written to Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau. Abdualai and other activists were bothered by other Ghanians because they were supporting gay rights, but it didn’t stop them.

Credit: https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/manitoba/ghana-lgbt-folklorama-1.4252688

De Facto Criminalization- Iraq

Rights:

  • Homosexuality: Ambiguous  
  • Marriage: Unrecognized
  • Right to Change Legal Gender: Ambiguous
  •  Adoption: Single Only
  • Housing Discrimination: No Protections
  • Employment Discrimination: No Protections
  • Military: Legal

Credit: https://www.equaldex.com/region/iraq

Organizations:

  • IraQueer
    • IraQueer is the most well-known LGBT+ organization. They defend the LGBT+ community and support change in order for LGBT+ Iraqi citizens to be protected.

Credit: https://www.iraqueer.org/projects.html

  • Rasan
    • Rasan supports both women and the LGBTI community. They believe that LGBTI citizens should be equal.

Credit: https://rasanorg.com/

Limited/Uneven Protection – The United States

The United States falls into the category of limited/uneven protection because of its unique set of laws that allows each state to maintain its own laws. That means, that besides a few fundamental laws that are legal nationwide, each state gets to choose which, if any, LGBTQ laws it enforces.

In this post, we will highlight some of these laws and note the states that enforce them and the ones that do not.

Nationwide Laws

  • 2003 – It becomes legal to be homosexual nationwide
  • 2011 – It becomes legal to serve openly in the US military
  • 2015 – The legalization of same sex marriage
  • 2016 – Adoption by same sex couples is legalized

State Laws

For a comprehensive list of maps: https://www.hrc.org/state-maps

Housing discrimination

  • Dark yellow – States that prohibit housing discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity
  • Light yellow – States that prohibit housing discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation

Credit:https://www.hrc.org/state-maps/housing

Employment Discrimination

  • Dark purple – States that prohibit employment discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity
  • Medium purple – States that prohibit employment discrimination of government workers on the grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity
  • Light purple – States that prohibit employment discrimination against government workers on the grounds of sexual orientation only

credit: https://www.hrc.org/state-maps/employment

Hate Crimes

  • Dark Green – States where it is illegal to enact hate crimes on an individual/s on the grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity
  • Light Green – Dark Green – States where it is illegal to enact hate crimes on an individual/s on the grounds of sexual orientation

Credit: https://www.hrc.org/state-maps/hate-crimes

Education Discrimination

  • Dark Orange – States where it is illegal to discriminate against students on the grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity
  • Light Orange – States where it is illegal to discriminate against students on the grounds of sexual orientation

Credit: https://www.hrc.org/state-maps/education

Employment Protection – Italy

Employment protection denotes prohibition of discrimination in employment based on sexual orientation

Laws
1890 – Homosexuality is legal
1982 -Transgender individuals legally allowed to change gender
Homosexuals allowed to serve openly in the Italian military
2003 – Homosexuals and discrimination protection – granted employment protection on the grounds of discrimination of sexual orientation
2016 – Legalization of same-sex unions
Includes many of the rights of marriage
Legalized marriage still illegal
2017 – The Italian Supreme Court allowed the marriage of one Lesbian couple
Room to improve
– Adoption laws
– Conversion therapy laws
– Housing discrimination laws
– Widespread homophobia

Credit: https://www.equaldex.com/region/italy

Broad Protection – Canada

Broad protection denotes the prohibition of discriminatory acts based on sexual orientation, however not written in to a constitution.

Laws
1969 – Decriminalization of private sexual acts between consenting adults over the age of 21
1977 -Quebec amends its charter of human rights, prohibiting discrimination on the grounds on sexual orientation
1966 -Canadian parliament amends the Canadian Human Rights Act – Gay, lesbian and bisexual individuals are entitled to “an opportunity equal with other individuals to make for themselves the lives they are able and wish to have”
2000 – Parliamentary bill C-23 grants homosexual couples equal marriage rights
Transgender Regulation
– As of recently, there has been progress in creating and passing an amendment to the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Criminal Code that would provide transgender individuals with equal legal protection
– This law has not been passed

Credit: https://www.transequalitycanada.com/ https://www.canada.ca/en/canadian-heritage/services/rights-lgbti-persons.html